36. He must be able to mystify his officers and men by false reports and appearances, and thus keep them in total ignorance.

能愚士卒之耳目使之無知

Sun Tzu

A military leader should be skilled at using deception and creating an element of surprise in order to maintain an advantage over their opponents. By using “false reports and appearances,” the leader can mislead their own officers and soldiers, keeping them in the dark about the true nature of the situation and the plans that are being made. This can help to keep the enemy off balance and prevent them from being able to effectively anticipate and respond to the leader’s actions. In other words, the quote suggests that a good military leader should be skilled at manipulating information and creating confusion in order to achieve their objectives.

A business leader must be able to clearly articulate their vision and strategy, while keeping their tactics and specific actions confidential.

As a business leader, it is important to be able to clearly articulate your vision and overall strategy for the company. This helps to ensure that your team understands the direction in which you are heading and can work together towards common goals. However, it is also important to keep your tactics and specific actions confidential in order to maintain a level of distance from the team, and not set false expectations. Therefore, it is crucial to strike a balance between being open and transparent with your team about your overall vision and strategy, while also keeping your tactics and specific actions private.