3. The art of war, then, is governed by five constant factors, to be taken into account in one’s deliberations, when seeking to determine the conditions obtaining in the field.


Sun Tzu

In this work, he emphasized the importance of understanding the five constant factors of warfare, which are the Moral Law, Heaven, Earth, the Commander, and Method and discipline. Sun Tzu believed that a successful military campaign must take all of these factors into account in order to achieve victory.

The art of war in business is governed by five constant factors, to be taken into account to make business decisions.

The five constant factors in The Art of War represent the fundamental elements that must be taken into account when making military decisions. In the business world, these factors can be thought of as the broader context within which a business operates, including factors such as the overall state of the economy, the market environment, the capabilities and resources of the business, and the leadership and strategy of the organization. By considering these factors when making business decisions, a business can improve its chances of making informed, effective decisions that help it to succeed in a competitive market.